Saisis ton article ici ! For the articles adopted by the First Continental Congress in 1774, see Continental Association. The term articles of association of a company, or articles of incorporation, of an American or Canadian Company, are often simply referred to as articles (and are often capitalized as an abbreviation for the full term). The Articles are a requirement for the establishment of a company under the law of India, the United Kingdom and many other countries. Together with the memorandum of association, they constitute the constitution of a company. The equivalent term for LLCis Articles of Organization. Roughly equivalent terms operate in other countries, such as Gesellschaftsvertrag in Germany, statuts in France, statut in Poland,, Jeong-gwan in South Korea. The following is largely based on British Company Law, references which are made at the end of this Article. The Articles can cover a medley of topics, not all of which is required in a country's law. Although all terms are not discussed, they may cover: the issuing of shares (also called stock), different voting rights attached to different classes of sharesvaluation of intellectual rights, say,the valuations of the IPR of one partner and,for example,the real estate of the otherthe appointments of directors - which shows whether a shareholder dominates or shares equality with all contributorsdirectors meetings - the quorum and percentage of votemanagement decisions - whether the board manages or a foundertransferability of shares - assignment rights of the founders or other members of the company dospecial voting rights of a Chairman,and his/her mode of electionthe dividend policy - a percentage of profits to be declared when there is profit or otherwisewinding up - the conditions, notice to membersconfidentiality of know-how and the founders' agreement and penalties for disclosurefirst right of refusal - purchase rights and counter-bid by a founder.
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